Table 16: Nature of Alternative Service Placements

Health, (almost everywhere), including specifically:

  • Hospitals:

    • Albania; Portugal
  • Sanatoriums and Psychiatric hospitals:

    • Armenia
  • “Diagnosis of illnesses... drug, tobacco, alcoholism prevention, assistance to persons with disabilities, children and the elderly”:

    • Portugal
  • Nursing homes:

    • Armenia; Taiwan
  • “Organisations for rehabilitation of disabled persons”:

    • Republika Srpska

Social Work/ Social/community services:

  • Albania; Austria
  • (including “youth welfare, commemoration services, peace services”):

    • Poland; Russian Federation; SlovakiaUSA

Federal ministries (Natural Resources, Labour, Defence):

  • Russian Federation

Education:

  • SlovakiaUSA

Humanitarian Organisations:

  • Albania; Mongolia

Culture:

  • Slovakia

Environmental Protection:

  • Albania; Austria; Georgia; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland; USA

“Ecology services”:

  • Moldova

Agriculture:

  • Romania, USA

Forestry:

  • Romania

National parks:

  • Portugal 

Weather Forecasting Service:

  • Russian Federation

Construction:

  • Moldova; Russian Federation

Rescue services, including specifically:

  • Fire Fighting:

    • Albania;
    • (and prevention)

      • Moldova, Portugal
  • Rescue at sea:

    • Portugal
  • Disaster relief:

    • Kyrgystan
  • Earthquake relief:

    • Taiwan; Portugal
  • Floods, epidemics and “other public calamities”:

    • Portugal
  • Road safety:

    • Austria
  • Car accidents:

    • Portugal

Work in judicial authorities, and with refugees and asylum seekers:

  • Austria

Prison Services:

  • Russian Federation

Administration of the conscientious objection / alternative service system itself:

  • NetherlandsNorway